Home with children-bazaar » is the dream of every family, to love and give birth to children. The older generation also want to nurse their grandchildren «balam-balym, balamnyn balasy-zhanym». This is the secret of the superstitious attitude towards the young bride. «Give birth to a son, «»be happy,» the elders say, turning to the young daughter — in-law with a bow, » and in the life of a person, the generation occupies a special place.
«Previously, the daughter-in-law took care not to allow the slightest change in herself, without asking about the reason. Not only the mother-in-law, but also the villagers in the village begin to monitor when they notice a symbol of good, so that she is happy. And the mother-in-law, who knows the reason, is grateful for this joy and gives «kulak suyinshi «. Then the mother-in-law of this house ties a white handkerchief to the right side of the big house. This means that the daughter-in-law received a «thank you» to convey to others and announce the good. Seeing this sign, the villagers also respect her and considered it their duty to honor her, » says Zeynep Akhmetova. This tradition was also called «kursak shashu», or»kursak toy». The women who came to this event bring various delicious desserts with them. The goal is to help at the first signs of the manifestation and development of pregnancy. If among them there are the bride’s favorite things, then the woman will be happy and will eat until the toxicosis subsides. And if they do not find it, then not only women, but also the husband, friends help to find the food that the daughter-in-law wants.
This rite is reflected in the poem «Alpamys Batyr». In the version of Akseleu Seidimbekuly, it is written, » everyone is happy with good news, both old and young, the owners accept congratulations from the villagers and relatives, and give kursak shasha. In this regard, we see that the traditions are rooted far in the past.
Today, this tradition is rare. And some celebrants spend the holiday «kursak shashu» in a large restaurant, filling the table with food and drinks, bringing together hundreds of people. Calling it a «Gender party». The current youth gathers all relatives, friends and even parents, holding a «Gender party». That is, after an ultrasound, a woman or a couple’s friends have a tendency to transmit the child’s gender to others in different ways. Even our pregnant brides are free to walk freely in front of their parents and brothers. It’s not like they used to sneak out on the street. Should I not wear a long, wide dress with a hem instead of short clothes? Here, the words of my grandmother are often recalled. My grandmother used to say, » a daughter-in-law who hid her pregnancy will have a strong upbringing.»
What will be left of us if everyone changes the traditions at their own discretion? Given that human life originates in the womb, special attention should be paid to national traditions.
Researcher at the Center for Traditions and Customs
What is Amengerlik?
In the Kazakh society in ancient times it was customary to say:” aga olse zhenge-mura, ini olse kelin-mura“, «ayel erden keste de, elden ketpeydi». Kazakh scientists in the law» Zheti zhargy » obliged the deceased widow “not to leave the country” and marry one of her husband’s blood relatives. Relatives of the deceased man called the widow «amengeri». In Kazakh society, there was rarely a refusal of emancipation, which was valued as unselfishness, compassion for the orphans of their relatives, or for their blood brothers and sisters. And when a woman refuses emancipation, she is not given any children or property, but only the will to marry of her own free will.
Abay Kunanbayev’s son married his wife Yerkezhan after the death of his brother Ospan. In the poem «Kyz Zhibek» there are also scenes of the amengerlik rite. At the age of 19, Dina Nurpeisova married Nurpeis Makatovich. In those years, after receiving the document, her last name was registered as Nurpeisova. According to Kazakh traditions, a young daughter-in-law, who could not name her grandfather, wrote her husband’s name as a surname. In 1885, when Dina was pregnant, Nurpeis died. According to Kazakh Amenger traditions, she married her husband’s younger brother Nuraly. If earlier they refused emancipation, today there are no people who agree to it. And, perhaps, this tradition occupies the last place in society. But there are many orphans growing up without a father and those who saw the humiliation of their stepmother. Currently, amengerism has become only one suffix of the story, interrupting the continuation. But, since our ancestors did not offend widows and orphans, we should know that there were such customs and traditions.
The Center of Traditions and Customs organized an event on the following topics: «family, strong to traditions», «adoption, amengerlik». The guest of the event was the Musrepov family, reviving the traditions of amengerism. Having taken his late brother as his wife, he shared the secret that he was followed by the children of his late brother, which he inherited. Today, Sabit and Guljazira are a model family, raising seven children. Many, admiring the courage of those who adopted their orphan brothers, blessed them with good intentions. They were happy about the decrease in the number of orphans.
In the past, the issue of amengerism was thoroughly discussed among blood relatives under the elders of the clan. First, with a nomadic lifestyle, it is difficult for a widow to live alone, have children and property left by her husband. If a widow marries a stranger with a different surname, then he can show leniency, not mercy, not to his children. Secondly, the property left over from the deceased husband can be transferred to an outsider, and he can completely plunder, and leave the orphans unattended. Third, in the case of marrying someone else, the blood relatives of the father can deprive the orphaned children of their mother. The Kazakhs were well aware that this would be a serious abuse. Today’s young people, as we know, do not succumb to the Amenger custom, but its effectiveness must be taken into account and preserved in memory. What do you think, reader? Are there any people in your village who have preserved the tradition of amengerlik?
Researcher at the Center for Traditions and Customs
1. http: / /anatili.kazgazeta.kz
Don’t let your hair down, daughter!
On the holiday weekend, I went to the village. The thin grandmother slowly combed and plaited her hair into a braid, and fixed it on the top of her head with a flexible, blunt comb. Then she turned to her grandson-Son, see if there’s any hair left — picking up the hair that had stuck to his clothes and fallen to the ground. «Why? «When the hair stays under my feet or the bird pecks, I get a headache,» she said.
Yes, the words of our ancestors» burym-kyzdy korkim » contained all the beauty of the girl. This is a deep point. Because our people believed that it is in the hair that all the energy power is laid down. That is why the girls paid special attention to their hair. There is a saying: «sumbil shash-suludyn ekinshi zhamaly». In Kazakh society, the ancient aksakals characterized a person by the color of his hair or by the density and fineness. Thin, soft hair, depending on the tuft of hair, a wide forehead, all this is about a person who will be a leader. Hard, coal-black hair, speaks of a straight character, a person with a narrow forehead, hair and eyebrows that are considered envious at close range.
A thick braid can be considered, firstly, as a means of beauty, and secondly, as a means of education. Every time, sitting at home, noble mothers, taking care of every act and step of their daughter, brought her up in healthy behavior, supporting her body and preventing slouching. When a girl becomes a girl, she must have two braids braided. Her long, curly hair was braided into braids. Braids are the belief that » loneliness is suitable only for God“, «the desire to live your life with your husband happily ever after». The double braid is a symbol of the girl’s attention and freedom. The girl’s hair was slightly slanted, not from the middle, but from the forehead. There is a reason. When a woman leaves this world, her hair opens from the middle of her forehead and covers both breasts. The girl, braiding her hair in two braids, throws back the braids, a sign that she leaves childish childishness in her home, and enters a new adult life (the girl wants her to have a double braid, a friendly and happy family in the future).
Daily work and life for a woman, every day’s work is very important to maintain cleanliness in the kitchen. The scythes are also involved in this. Besides, the girls never had their braids cut off. In the well-established steppe law of our ancestors, it was believed that if someone cut off a woman’s hair, it was equivalent to cutting off body parts. Therefore, the fee for the scythe is high. When a woman betrays her man, a lock of hair is cut off. And this is equivalent to severe punishment, and even to death.
Our people say: «Ayel minezdi yerkekte kuat zhok, yerkek minezdi ayelde uyat zhok «, Bukhar zhyrau says: «kyzda kylyk bolmasa, kur shyraidan ne paida?!». And the poet Akushtap Baktygereeva says: «there is a girl in life, but being a Kazakh girl is quite different.» Of course, for fifty years, the country has become new, and today the hairstyles of girls have been updated in accordance with the trends of the time. However, if we knew what we need to collect hair for, we would think about it more often.
Unfortunately, today we often meet «mourning beauties» who let their hair down in public places. In history, it is written that only women from the house where the deceased is buried, did not braid the braid for up to seven days. Loose hair and crying means an expression of great grief. From this remained the prohibitions: «do not take your hands in your sides, do not let your hair down, do not call evil.”
Employee of the Center of Traditions and Customs
Take everything, but do not deprive the good attitude…
Once upon a time, there was a rich old man who had been an aristocrat for seven generations. Recently, the elder’s mood dropped by itself. Noticing this, the daughter-in-law asked her grandfather: — Ata-au, why are you not in the mood ? Then the grandfather answered: — Dear listen, you are also my child, I will tell you.. An angel came to me and said:» I will give your blessing, your wealth, to another family.» I don’t give permission every day by answering «tomorrow, the day after tomorrow». But the Angel says, » Tomorrow I will give to another dynasty, even if you allow it or not.» If the blessing and good fortune go to another dynasty, then we will immediately become impoverished, for this I am worried. And then the daughter-in-law said, » Is that all you’re worried about?» Then my grandfather said:»Yes, it is, my daughter. Then the daughter-in-law said: «If this is the case, then tomorrow tell the Angel:’ Take the wealth, but do not take my good attitude. The old man turned to the angel with a request: «Take my wealth, but do not take away my good attitude.» Then the angel, admiring the old man’s answer, replied: «Another 7 generations of wealth and blessing will be given to your dynasty.» It is not for nothing that the Kazakh people said: «whatever they give, let them give with a good attitude.»
The wise Kazakh people have the words: «Ken peyildi kemimes, tar peyildi kenimes». If a person has a positive attitude, then things are going positively for him, the status increases. And that’s all we have. Therefore, probably, our ancestors said: «good deeds begin with a good word», «a good word is one and a half words».
Today, good relations, morals and spiritual development are slightly distorted.
This is especially noticeable when a critical time is brewing in the country. A little more than a year ago, a snowstorm broke out on the Kordai Pass in the Almaty region, and several passengers were on the way. And so, wanting to capitalize on this difficult moment, people from nearby villages sold water and bread for money. Back in the summer of last year, when the country became massively ill, and the second wave of the pandemic hit, drug prices soared. Available tablets were sold at a price of 4-5 times more expensive. This is also a reflection of how cheap our peaceful day has become today.
In the hadith of the Prophet Muhammad (S. G. S.) it is said: «if you have clothes, a house, food — this is wealth», while in another hadith-sharip it is said: «wealth is not cattle and life, and wealth is good relations in the world». Our ancestors also wished: «O Allah, take away my cattle if I die, but do not take away my good attitude and spiritual development.
Today, someone is looking for happiness in wealth, someone in health, someone in fame, someone prefers to find a warm nest, a faithful spouse, a child. In life, there are people who are satisfied, disappointed, and live in a calm state. There are guards who have guarded others who live in the majestic palaces. Living a life of luxury. This look, wrapped in a veil and a riot, looks incredibly happy. But not all rich people are happy. So let’s be content and give thanks for everything that is in this life. Let our good attitude always be broad, and our mood open!
Employee of the Center of Traditions and Customs.
1. the website «mirror of life». https://vk.com/wall-171980931_48831
Greeting-a custom from ancient times
Recently, a bride entered our house, and our relatives invited us to «yoshikashar». Next to the young daughter-in-law, I also went to visit. As soon as the girl entered the house, she bowed and said hello. But the owners of the house forbade the daughter-in-law to make a bow, and did not accept her greeting. Under the guise of a religious family, they dressed in straight short trousers, let down long beards, the behavior seems strange to us ,but inner curiosity took over. Today, many families do not take our traditions and rituals seriously.
In our tradition, when we worship the elder, we answer: «Live long!», » Be happy!» we know that if we hear a blessing, a kind word, a kind wish, we will have more luck and happiness in our family life. Our ancestors temporarily exempted the pregnant bride from bowing, and the bride, whose husband died, from the eternal greeting. The tradition of greeting is extended not only to the Turkic peoples, but also to the peoples of Europe. In royal families in the UK, England, the daughters-in-law also greet their elders. The essence of this tradition is respect for the elders in general. When a daughter-in-law comes to another family, she has a certain place in the family. Greeting, the daughter-in-law retains respect. It is performed differently in each region of the country. In the western region of the country, greeting is not strictly required. A girl who became a bride in the west, in Betashar, immediately sends greetings to all her relatives, Abysyns. In the south, it is necessary to say hello, the daughters-in-law cross both hands and make a bow. The custom of greeting, wearing headscarves in the northern regions was not observed. And in the East, not a greeting, but just a ritual of pouring oil on the fire is observed. In the Mangystau region, the daughter-in-law is obliged to get up early in the morning, and must greet her daily. Greeting the bride helped to preserve respect between generations. She feels her place, respect for her future mother, her mother-in-law. The essence of the greeting was that she extends the life of her spouse with this bow and expresses gratitude .
«By greeting, I want my husband to have a long life. «I want him to know that I will take more of the blessed ones — that’s how noble brides express the greeting ceremony. If this is the case, then it is better to revive the unusually beautiful and majestic custom of the Kazakh people. Isn’t it the same as getting into the wrong channel because of an unapproachable religion and trampling on the national tradition of greeting our brides?
Employee of the Center of Traditions and Customs.
References: from the pages of the press
Kazakh romance in March.
The beginning of the year March is the moment of interweaving of lovers ‘ hearts. There were different traditions in the celebration of Nauryz. In the course of time, many of them are now forgotten. One of them is the tradition of «Seltetkizer» and «Uykyashar». Awarded in the New Year to young men and women who fell in love with each other. This rite contains not only the feelings of a young man, but also the concepts and knowledge of the people, habits and etiquette. On the Great Day of Nauryz, the friends met the dawn together, gave each other «seltetkizer» and treated «uykyashar».
You’re fifteen, girl, I’m fifteen too,
If you add two dozen,will it not be equal?
Raisins for half raisins,
«Aren’t we trophies?» «I don’t know how to do it. The concept of a nation has a meaning that lies at the heart of this good tradition, which has been preserved for centuries.
In the traditions of the Kazakh people, special attention was paid to the education of girls. The girl was never the first to convey her feelings to the guy in words. Therefore, it was expressed by giving an embroidered handkerchief. Young people spent the whole night riding on altybakan, and positive songs poured out of their mouths. The steppes were filled with delicious food made from the meat of a young lamb. No wonder this taste is called «Uykyashar». There is no formed criterion for how «Uykyashar» is created. While some researchers claim that raw or young meat is cooked in colostrum, some researchers explain that «Uykyashar» is a powerful food, similar to wheat soup made with spices. «Uykyashar is made from spicy kumis or kurt. Sometimes they are prepared on liquefied kefir with additives. In contrast, «uykyashar» is not the name of a specific food, but rather the name of a tradition that expresses its joy and self-esteem under the pretext of food.
And at the festival, the young men gave the girls gifts «selt etkizer», in the form of a mirror, which symbolizes youth, a comb – beauty, cologne-pleasure. Young people say that this is a better proof of the feelings of a valuable gift than to convey in words. How did Kazakh youth express their feelings to each other before? Many of the love feelings white or black were said on the Great Day of Nauryz, when they met the New Dawn. Pages of love stories through such traditions as Tolegen-Zhibek, Akan-seri-Aktokty, Birzhan-Layli, Abay-Aigerim. But have these traditions, which have become the golden link of the youth competition, been preserved now? It is necessary to explain to the younger generation the specifics of the holiday and pour its dignity into the consciousness. On this significant day, we must revive our ancient traditions and apply them in the modern world.
Today, when society is developing, there is a fusion of human culture, more and more people are passing away, and «uykyashar» and «selt etkizer» are forgotten, which in many ways influenced the growth of our people, the future of our youth. However, young people who choose gifts for each other on Valentine’s Day and New Year’s Day have a habit of celebrating this holiday in March as a day filled with Kazakh romanticism, reviving this tradition.
Prepared by: R. Altybaeva
Source «»Journal of tradition»
Newspaper native language March 23, 2009
Recently, I was lucky enough to be at the same dastarkhan, with a very smart, well-read old man named Alikhan, who read a lot, he was not older than eighty years. The head of a ram was brought to the main course, as always.
The old man, calmly eating the head of a lamb with one ear, and suddenly suddenly asked: «Do you know where his other ear went?» «Probably one of the kids running around in the yard,» I said. The old man with a questioning face looked at the guy who came in with a plate, who said, «cut out one of the sheep’s ears and gave it to his nephew,» and looked innocently at everyone…
«A nephew is good, but it would be better to give the ear to a child of this house,» the old man said, and began his story about the ear. It was a long time ago, a fellow traveler had to stop at midnight in one of the houses on the outskirts of the village, saying: «I am a guest.» The owner prepared a lavish dastarkhan for a fellow traveler. The conversation was drawn out, finding a common language, both met the dawn. The owner of the house and his guest decided to remain friends, and at parting, squeezing the guest in his arms, he says: «ask me anything you want!» The guest says:» I saw one puppy running in front of the door, let it be your gift to me.» «Could you ask for something better? Well, the guest’s wish is my law.
— Well, take what you want — said the owner. A little later, the guest changed his wish: «No, I decided to give up the puppy, and ask for a cane lying on the doorstep.» «Let it be as you wish,» replied the landlord. The fellow traveler walked five or six steps and said, » Sorry, master, again. I want to take a black lamb, not a reed. I just want to take it in the form of a carcass, and boil the meat and put it to me. Then the host said, «Your wish,» slaughtered the lamb, boiled it, and began to put the head in the guest’s basket, when suddenly he asked, » Ow, where is one ear of the head? «The ear was eaten by this child in the house,» says the owner of the house. So I won’t be able to take this gift either. May your luck stay with you! Said the guest and began to get ready for the road.
The owner says to him: «Oh, how is it? You didn’t take the puppy, you didn’t take the cane, you got the lamb – but you gave it up, too. What’s the secret … » he asks. «You’re a good soul, brother. I wanted your blessed good fortune to cross over in a good way
for me. My eyes glittered as I saw the puppy run up to the reeds that were lying by the door. I saw him urinating on the reeds. I wanted to take the cane, thinking that my luck had changed to the cane. So when I got up, I saw a lamb that came and licked the reeds. When the lamb meat was boiled, your child ate its ear. In the family, the luck went to your only heir-a child. This is the work of Allah. I realized that luck does not come out of your house, » said the guest, saying goodbye with gratitude, left, and went on. That’s why I asked, and I wanted it to be a child from this house, » the old man finished Alikhan. From that moment on, the concept of «kut — koydyn kulagynda»was formed in the mouths of the people. Therefore, the guests, before serving the head of a ram, cut off the right ear and give it to a family member. «May the blessing and good fortune remain with us.»
Of great educational and scientific importance is the cut-off ear of a ram, an elderly person, and given to a child to eat . That is, a child who eats from the hands of old people from childhood, listening to their commandments, becomes a wise, educated citizen who respects the elders, takes care of the younger ones, understands words and dignity. They are trained to be tactful, sociable. In addition, lamb meat is also good for health, for every part of our body. All the vitamins are in the ram’s head.
And today, when old people offer young people lamb ears, eyes, and tongue, many do not eat at all and do not even want to hold them in their hands. It’s disgusting…. Young people do not know its educational significance. Adults at the table should tell the children, and conduct explanatory work, about its educational significance, and secrets. Even in some regions, a lamb’s head is served with two ears. Let luck and happiness do not leave this house, let it be a blessed home, perhaps we will return to the hereditary process, and understand the phrase «kut-koydyn kulagynda».
What about your dynasty? Who eats lamb ears?
Employee of the Center of Traditions and Customs
1. B. Serdali. Website. https://halqym.kz/tarihi/8615-oy-layn-km-zheyd.html
2. The site. https://massaget.kz/mangilik_el/tup_tamyir/asyil_soz/46812/
Do you believe in the superstition of the evil eye?
One of the types of beliefs in traditional Kazakh society is the evil eye. In the popular concept, there is an understanding that a good person, a newborn child, a fast horse, a beautiful girl-quickly succumb to the evil eye.
In this regard, the fast horse that won the race, try not to show, because to avoid the evil eye. As a talisman against the evil eye, use boitumar, let’s remember how in the distant past they were protected from the evil eye. If the child is very worried, crying means that the evil eye is imposed on him. To do this, heated salt was pressed on the naked body of the baby, using the method of eye contact. The treatment of the evil eye sometimes consists in spitting. So, for example, on young daughters-in-law, on babies, on people who were defeated by the evil eye were cured with short spits. Or when someone is praised, they say: «til kozim taska». If an evil eye is applied to a person, or to cattle, then they were treated with the «method of cutting the bridle». After treatment, dastarkhan is covered. The recovered person should not talk to anyone for a while.
To protect the baby from the evil eye, a snake’s head, owl feathers, and nine beads of silver coins are hung on his cradle as a talisman on his clothes.If the «evil eye has touched», then something is brought from this person’s house. Thus, there was a certainty that the evil eye would heal. If the child’s parents believe that someone looked at the child very carefully, saying, «your child is plump», then in this case, the parents themselves protect with short spits. A person with a sharp eye should be very careful in words and looks . If the baby is very ill, then they find the person who saw him most recently: «and with short spits heals.» There are also other different rituals. In order for the child not to attract everyone’s attention, he often puts bandages on him, or deliberately smears soot on his face, or runs a strip of lipstick over his forehead.
The eyes are a mysterious force that has significance not only in popular beliefs, but also in Islam. «If a person constantly reads the surahs of the Koran, then’ the tongue, the eyes are a deadly weapon, ‘» say the scholars of Islam. If numerous ulcers appear on the body, the symptoms of the disease are obvious, then you should only contact trusted persons who treat with means allowed by Sharia. (scholar, imam, etc.).
Today, without thinking about the evil eye, we all upload photos to the network and enjoy. Even photos of a newborn are often published. These actions are the desire to get into the field of view of the people. If you do not warn in advance, it is quite possible to cause any harm to people, or become the cause of the disease. Wise people, in order not to cause envy among others, or to establish good relations with anyone, and not to break the thread of respect, for this they give a gift to their relatives and friends, while finding peace of mind, and replacing negative energy with a good mood. Today we attach great importance to the evil eye? Have you or your loved ones had similar situations?
Researcher at the Center for Traditions and Customs
1. Wikipedia, from the Internet.
Uyz-the leaven of solidarity
Auyl is a pillar of the nation, a golden cradle. Today, people come from the city to their native village only for wedding events, or other celebrations. All the villagers are your own people. Good-natured and hospitable people. As the great Abai said, now there is a real boom in the country «koi kozdap, tuye bozdap». In the house of Amanbai, a dastarkhan was laid, and the neighbors gathered for the first colostrum-uyz.
Colostrum is the most important milk of young animals. Our ancestors prepared colostrum for the first 3-5 days using this milk. Yellow colostrum is obtained only at the first milking of young animals. And after a day, milk becomes less important and colostrum appears white. The nutritional value of colostrum differs from that of regular milk. Therefore, it increases the protective properties of the child’s body and puts the digestive system in order. The offspring of young animals grows strong and fast, if you feed it with colostrum. Therefore, the Kazakhs left the word «did not drink colostrum enough». This also applies to weak and premature babies, and to weak offspring of a cow, horse or sheep. I am glad that in the village this tradition continues to this day. Kazakhs have a phrase «uyzdai zhas» for the younger youth.
The participants congratulated each other on Nauryz. «It’s my birthday on March 8,» one of the older women said. I remembered a conversation I had with my mother a few years ago.
«Mom, when was your birthday?»
— March 8, son.
«Oh, it’s so good to have two birds with one stone together.»..
— In this village of Batzhan, Kurmankul, we all have such a situation.
As it turned out, when replacing the passport, the secretary of the village council himself, the merry Kaldybek, all our grandmothers in the village, issued the birthdays of all the old women on the same day, so that they celebrated on the same day. What resourcefulness! At the table, various amusements of the village-region were recalled, as if there was no unspoken conversation left.
By the end, I wanted to finish the conversation. As Grandmother Tiyshtyk says: I don’t care, I have entrusted all the household chores to my daughter-in-law, and all the more so I will listen to Myrzabai’s story until the end.» That’s how I came back from the village, seeing the spring. This year on Terskei, spring seems to have arrived early. And what if we have people who want them to be together, so that the villagers treat each other with colostrum?!
Head of the Department of the Center of Traditions and Customs
Nauryzbek and Nauryztol
A hundred years ago, the teacher of the nation, Ahmet Baitursynuly, said: «Alhamdullah, we are 6 million Kazakhs!» So he informed the whole world. Since then, a lot of water has flowed away, a lot of clouds have drifted away.
The biggest news of this year is a small increase in the population. There is a tradition left over from our ancestors, who, without resorting to statistics, do not openly talk about the number of children. In terms of population growth, the southern region prevails. On the 30th anniversary of our country’s independence, this is a great joy!
Independence’s peers are turning thirty, and they themselves probably already have children of about school age. At this age, the child is called a «lamb». While fifteen or twenty years is called the «sheep age», and twenty-five or forty years is the real «horse age», the horsemen of this age in winter and summer withstood the grip of the horse. Our independence peers are also now in equine age. I hope you have noticed the wisdom of our ancestors as a source of animal life. Yes, spring is very early this year. The trees bloomed early, and the snowdrops were also overgrown. In the south, the Great Day of Nauryz begins.
As Hakim Abai said: «Koi kozdap, tuye bozdap, korada shu», the early lambs also became more mature. The first offspring, born in March, used to be called «Nauryztol». And the children who were born in March and reached the age of ten are called Nauryzbek, the grandfather gave «basyre» to this dzhigit in the form of a lamb. «Basire» is one of the most striking rites of our people. With this sweet lamb was combined the love of life, the hope for its future. It is good that it is allowed, basire requires special care. In many legends, it is said that many poets and akyns in childhood have a dream about who he will be in the future. It is mandatory to give the first offspring, with a beautiful color, the one that is considered a rare breed, and is called «kogenbasy». While asking: Do you take Cogenbases, or do you choose poems?» the choice influenced the fate of famous poets. In our tradition, the blessing has a special place. The beginning of every good deed is crowned with a blessing. The magic of the word became the cornerstone of his life. «May you have plenty of sheep and stallions! In this Nauryztol rite, there is a general symbolic meaning, in which the idea is laid-to have cattle, to be rich, to grow, to flourish, to multiply. The favorable climate of Southern Kazakhstan and the equinox are also favorable for cattle breeding.
In the Kazakh environment, Nauryztol is not accepted to sell, give to anyone, but requires special content and reverence. Such animals are usually sacrificed during Eid al-Adha. We, in turn, want to have many sunny days in the life of Nauryzbek, who was born in March.
Head of the Department of the Center of Traditions and Customs
DON’T LET THE CANDLE GO OUT!
At a wedding at this time, it has become very fashionable to blow away the candles on the cake by the newlyweds, but few people know that this is a bad ritual. Even on birthdays, which take place not only on big holidays, but also in the family circle, it is fashionable to blow off a wax candle. Small children run to put out the candles on the cake. And where do adults look who have heard since childhood that putting out the fire at the candles is a bad superstition?
The word «candle» was a sacred and sacred concept for our people. After all, the word «candle» is the words «light», «Nur», «Saule», «fire of hope». «Let the candle not go out, there is no danger», «The candle goes out from good to evil,» you can not call yourself a man if your candle is extinguished» (Dulat Babatayuly) and other concepts.
In the old days, a wise man, Biy, called his sons, before passing away, I want to leave my treasures as an inheritance to you, but for this you will replenish the house with what you need. Then the first son brought some sacks of straw and filled the house with straw, and the second son filled the house with bird down. The younger son brought a candle, lit it, and lit it up inside the house. Then sage-bi was struck by the ingenuity of the younger son and left him his fortune.
Recently, on one of the Republican TV channels, we saw the news that the oldest woman living in the northern region of the country has turned 114 years old. The grandchildren and great-grandchildren asked the grandmother to put out the lighted candles on a specially prepared cake, the grandmother fulfilled their wish and as a small child was satisfied.
This scene prompted us to write this article . In one of the addresses to the people of Kazakhstan, the Head of State N. A. Nazarbayev said: «First of all, we must pay great attention to the education of our daughters. They are future wives, future mothers, keepers of the hearth.» Therefore, we must not forget that the burning of a candle is the main evidence of the preservation of the nation as a nation.Gorenje: When the daughter-in-law crosses the threshold for the first time, the future husband, adds fuel to the fire — this is an ancient custom of the Kazakhs, which came from the time of worship of the Tengri faith, perhaps even earlier. Such rituals, which are usually called «custom» and not «tradition», which are performed as ritual actions, no one now adheres to, based on ancient concepts. Today’s brides, who add fuel to the fire, do this ritual not because they worship fire and oil, but because they respect the traditions of their ancestors, as «the path that has passed — and the last». I.e. if you want to keep the fire in your house, for this purpose, the daughter-in-law is served oil to the fire . «The fire will not go out», «the candle will not go out» for the Kazakh means the well-being of the family, as a talisman of the house, the peace of the people.All this experience is accumulated in the process of adding fuel to the fire. At the heart of this rite is a superstition: «as a fire burns when oil is poured into the fire, so life will be bright .»
Employee of the Center of Traditions and Customs
My great-grandmother came home from the village. The daughter-in-law recently gave birth, and left the hospital. My grandmother wanted to babysit her great-grandson. Since the baby was born before its due date, the grandmother told us about the ritual of holding the child between the legs, which we did not understand. After that, I put a piece of butter on the baby’s palm and licked it off. I remembered this and asked my mother what it meant. According to the mother, if a newborn baby is born prematurely, having a small weight, then this ritual of rebirth is performed. In most cases, this is done if a woman can not carry a child, or is born prematurely, with a superstition that must be believed. This small girl, at the moment turned 19 years old.
It was a popular superstition that three or seven old women would pass under their feet and perform the ritual of rebirth. Hence the names Zhetikempir, Ushkempir. The name of the daughter of Kenen Azerbayev is Cake kempir bir shal. Those newborns who performed this ritual really survived. In the village of Koksayek, Tolebi district, there is an eighty-year-old man named Ushkempir, who was given this rite.
Currently, there are no families who have not forgotten this ritual. In the country, there are those who take the son of their relative for adoption, take him in their hands and perform the ritual of rebirth. Children reborn again, often with superstition called such names as» Tursyn»,»Turar». For example, the writer Tursyn Zhurtbay writes in his memoirs that his parents also conducted a ritual and missed out from under the «seven old women». This ritual is understood to be misleading on the day when the child touched the mother’s womb.
There is no vulgarity or condemnation in Kazakh beliefs. It is our duty to convey to future generations such a rich spiritual and educational heritage that will contribute to the preservation of our nation.
Employee of the Center of Traditions and Customs
1. kinship system of the Kazakh people, traditions of education, upbringing, wedding ceremonies. Publishing house «Art». 2005.
2. Halel Argynbayev. «Kazakh family traditions». Almaty publishing house «Kainar» 2005.
3. «Traditions and customs of the Kazakh people». Almaty publishing house» nomads», 2004
THERE IS GOLD IN THE BRIDE’S WOMB…
One day Kazybek bi’s grandfather, Shanshar bi, decided to move with his village to the other side. The nomads made a halt, then in the early morning, and sometimes in the late evening, preferably near the water. If there was a favorable area, then we stopped for two or three days, and if it was dry, then we left. Residents of the village came to the head of the village Shanshar-aksakal, saying that his daughter-in-law Tokmeil, the wife of Keldibek, who was pregnant, went into labor, and we still did not get to the place. Hearing this, the priest ordered the boys: let my daughter-in-law ride my black horse, her horse is apparently already exhausted. The other horse can’t lift it, because there’s gold inside the bride.» Thus, the villagers brought the black horse Zhyrau Shanshar-abyz before Tokmeyl. It will be inconvenient for me to sit on the horse of my father — in-law, it is better for me to go next to the horse,holding the bridle-said the daughter-in-law Tokmeil. It turned out that they had already entered the land of migration. And closer to lunch, I gave birth, this child is Kazybek bi. What is the deeper meaning of this story? Here it is impossible not to notice the foresight of the Shanshar priest and the nobility of the daughter-in-law of Tokmeyl. Shanshar biy looked at the actions, words and deeds of his daughter-in-law, only he could guess what kind of child she would give birth to. And the daughter-in-law, considered it impolite to sit on the horse of her father-in-law and showed nobility. And why today we have reduced the noble daughters-in-law, preserving the way of life of our ancestors?
Previously, when the young daughter-in-law was pregnant, she was ashamed to divulge this news and even tell her parents. On the one hand, this will contribute to the safe birth of the child and facilitate the passage of this stage by the bride. During pregnancy, a pregnant woman, being shy of her parents and brothers, did not even go to her parents ‘ house. Knowing that this is the school of education of today’s expectant mothers, publishes a photo of a pregnancy test on the network. Isn’t it a national tragedy when even pregnant women pose naked, exposing their wombs and spreading themselves out in front of millions of people? Is the unborn child, lying in the womb, can be protected from the tongue and the evil eye? Previously, when announcing a pregnancy, our mothers kept their belly secret for nine months, hiding from prying eyes.
Another tradition that came from the West is that daughters-in-law now, at the most inopportune moment, celebrate the «Gender party». I.e., after an ultrasound, a woman or a couple’s friends have a tendency to pass on the sex of the child to others in different ways. This mess, which is determined by the color of the cake or ball, the clothes of the unborn child, hidden in a box, sometimes ends with a wedding. Unfortunately, such an event has become a trend among young people, popular stars and bloggers who spend a lot of time on social networks. Isn’t it dangerous for the younger generation? The above examples show that our people saved the baby from the evil of an alien world.
From the very beginning, the Kazakhs considered the name Kelin sacred and were proud of the successor of the family. However, there are also brides who are dirty on the holy horse today. Muhammad (S. G. S.) came to the Prophet with a two-year-old child and said: «At what age should we start education?» and asks questions. Then the Messenger of Allah said, » We are two years and nine months too late.» It is also possible to learn from this hadith that the upbringing of a child begins in the womb. But today, instead of starting to raise a child from the womb, we want expectant mothers to think about exposing it and posting it online. Do you also have gold inside you, young mother?! Do you know that you give it to a foreign language on your own?
Employee of the Center of Traditions and Customs
1.Qarmaqshy-tany.kz site. /https://qarmaqshy-tany.kz/zanalyk/ruhaniyt/16572-kelnn-rsaynda-altyn-zhatyr.html
2. Adyrna.kz site. News agency.
3. Website. https://m.vk.com/wall-99151266_1737
Wearing onirzhiyok is a symbol of reproduction and prosperity of generations.
My brother is going to get married. The bride is from the western region. Girls wear jewelry in national styles,dazzlingly beautiful. I was particularly interested in the necklace around her neck. Then I decided to dress in the national color, as I saw at my brother’s wedding. I told her about this idea, and she agreed with me. She was about fifty, though she looked very young.
I was not particularly pleased that I took for myself, and for her, the onirzhiyok necklace, the same for the wedding. Instead, I bought a chain. Then, when we were alone, we began a conversation with a relative.
«Are you offended that I didn’t wear your necklace?» Wearing it also has its own secret. Women wore the necklace until they were 45-50 years old, that is, until the age when they are able to give birth to children. And when they get older, have grandchildren, call them grandmother, then they put on one quadrilateral that separated the lower part, and wore it as a necklace. The multi-faceted keychain on the side of the necklace symbolizes the prosperity of generations. Two long ovals on the surface, in the center of which are painted beautiful patterns, mean that the whole world was originally created by man. Without man, there would be no offspring on earth. This means that the beginning of life lies in a man, including on the lower back. Especially pregnant women always wore the necklace without taking it off. So
that the attention of a person falls not on the belly of a pregnant woman, but on her jewelry, as a talisman against the evil eye. I was amazed at my relative’s knowledge. I was very ashamed of my stupid thoughts that she did not like my gift. In principle, in our southern region, as in the Western Region, everyday national clothing and jewelry have gone out of the rite. Despite this, all the women who did not know its meaning admired her knowledge, Kazakh character.
After that, I continued my search for the region. This decoration was worn by Kazakh girls, mostly different in age. When the girl grew up, along with other jewelry, she wore a sparkling amulet for the purpose of «til-koz tomesin». It was made by a jeweler from silver, as an angular or round tube, inside of which there was a void, in which a prayer was laid, protecting against pain and the evil eye. Girls, at the time of growing up, wore onirtal jewelry. The decoration was made of two boards, bound with silver chains. Mostly made of red glass or white stone, a chain was tied around his neck. After a girl gets married and becomes a mother, she puts on a necklace that is thicker, consisting of three boards. More boards is a symbol of having many children. The first, second, third, and fourth boards are square and have a great significance in the fact that the last board is located in the Five corners at the bottom. I.e., the mother in the future gave birth to many descendants, which meant «reproduction».
So I got very deep into the mystery of the necklace. Jewelry with a Kazakh flavor, unfortunately, is now only worn at weddings and Nauryz holidays. And if you make it everyday, then it will be laid down in the depths of our soul.
Employee of the Center of Traditions and Customs
When one girl gets married, forty girls have dreams.
A friend of mine married her son and we were invited to the wedding. Good wishes were expressed, and the newlyweds were delighted. At the end of the wedding, the friends of the couple wished them happiness and began to dance. At some point, the toastmaster gathered the young girls in the center, and the bride stood with her back to them, and threw the bouquet to the girls. The girls, trying to catch the bouquet, continued to make noise. Even when one stumbled and fell, and one girl’s face was spilled with broth, because of the bouquet that no one caught. This happened when the guests began to disperse, and all this shame occurred towards the end of the celebration. I left the feast in complete disappointment.
The dizziness, the tinnitus, the struggle all looked somehow shameful ? It’s a shame, it was for our Kazakh girls, very unpleasant.
Why such a tradition to fight for the bride’s bouquet? In the people, the girl on her wires, gave her friends owl feathers, or a handkerchief. We see some changes when the daughter-in-law of batyr Bauyrzhan Momyshuly Zeynep Akhmetova advised to introduce this rite at weddings, but not everyone adheres to this rite.
My mother said that we should not give in to any manifestations that are alien to the traditions and customs of our nation. In our hands is the continuation of the national heritage left by our ancestors. There are even kinder traditions in the customs of the ancestors. In the Kazakh family, the girl was considered «uy kuti», and the parents who gave birth to the first child, a girl, were very happy saying «yrys aldy-kyz». As soon as the girl grew up, they dressed her in a beautiful red dress, and put her in the most honorable place. The proverb «Kyzyldy-kyzyna, uzyndy-ulyna» in our language is formed in connection with this tradition. The girl who came of age wore a thin red scarf on her head when she walked around the house, and went out into the street in a Karkarala skullcap. Girls in such outfits were called «karkaraly kyz», «kyzil oramaldy kyz».
And from the day of her marriage, she wore a white handkerchief on her head as a sign that the girl was married, leaving her previously worn red handkerchief at the wedding to her unmarried sisters. This superstition is called «shargy salu». «Shargy salu» means to give an unmarried sister a red handkerchief of a married girl. With your best wishes, let the next wedding be yours.»
It is a viable tradition that embodies the traditions of decency in human kinship relationships. It would be nice if the ceremony at Kazakh weddings, instead of «throwing a bouquet», went to «shargy salu» or to the distribution of owl feathers.
Researcher at the Center for Traditions and Customs
1. «Kazakh traditions and customs» Seit Kenzheakhmetovich
2. Qazaq gazetteri July 15, 2015
The meaning of the word tos Tartu?
Today, every hospitable family
keeps the tos for the groom. But, not many of us know why it is given to the groom. Not so long ago, our relative married off his daughter. Then I was told to bring tos for the groom. — I know how to lift it, but I do not know what this tradition is for. Even told the daughter of a relative: «tell the groom, let him not come with empty pockets, tomorrow I will raise the tos. Well, she asks: «What is TOC, what is it given for?» To be honest, at this point I was very ashamed not to answer. Then I answered: I’ll tell you when you get there. Then I asked the older sister in the family: «does she know why the groom is given tos». I was inwardly delighted when my sister answered without any hesitation. They say that for the groom, this means that the torso or chest should be the same as the two-wall support for the two families. In addition, the groom should keep in mind that he will be comfortable with the bride’s relatives. So that my daughter’s words are soft, so that there are no disappointments.
Well, we, not understanding its secret, are deeply mistaken, thinking that this is just a way to thicken our pockets. There were cases when before one feast, the groom did not get up until he ate a fat tos. The young groom at the wedding stood with an upset stomach. Is it not right to observe the rite and not perform its attributes, thereby causing disgust among young people to our traditions? Therefore, today, this tradition must go through all the stages of compliance with the rules, and is our legacy for the future generation.
It turned out that the brisket (tos) of a ram also has medicinal properties for men. The junction of the entire wall-fat breast contains nutrition that nourishes the prostate. Our former ancestors knew this. Sincerely, the daughter, the groom, it seems to me that in the case of mass breastplate capacity. So, today, for the prevention of impotence among men, the wise Kazakh put an end to marriage. The chest becomes fat, yet the heart is not touched.Doctors also recognized that in various stressful conditions, colds, lamb breast saves and restores from inflammation. Therefore, if you want your child to be aware of events, then you must be sure that you will not have health problems, and you will not have health problems.
Methodist of the Center of Traditions and Customs
1. «groom keltir, Kyz uzat, toyyndy kyl «Almaty, «Sanat», 1994
2. «Patterns of the steppe» Nurkasym Kazybekov Almaty, «Balausa», 1994
3. Website. https://massaget.kz/
“DO YOU KNOW YOUR GODMOTHER ?..”
March 1 is Thanksgiving Day, a special day for Grandma Vera. Because this is the day when all the villagers, the residents of the other bank of the Syr Darya, thank Faith. You ask why? Because she was a doctor in a remote Kazakh village where she lived. In particular, Vera Pustovalova, a Polish national born in the village of Koksaray, worked as a midwife, and since 1970 has become a godmother for many Kazakh babies. She has worked since Soviet times and many residents of the village are grateful to her. In the village” Koksarai «every resident born in the last fifty years was asked the question:» Who is your godfather?» Sister Vera answers with one voice. Living in the village of Koksaray in the Otyrar district of the Turkestan region, she worked for many years as an obstetrician in the «state farm-collective farm“, such as” Karakol“,”Shengeldy». Vera, who gave joy to several families, away from the district center, is respected by the residents of this village as a godmother. Over the past 50 years, Grandmother Vera has helped many women give birth, cut the umbilical cords of thousands of children, and received a thousand thanks from her fellow villagers. On the birthday of the baby who cut the umbilical cord, initially called «kindik sheshey». Meeting her on the street, many villagers greet her with respect and invite her to visit. Polish daughter Vera, in addition to gratitude, the villagers have nothing to say. Here it is inextricably linked with the entire Kazakh community living on the banks of the Syr Darya. For Vera, the Motherland is a prosperous family that carefully preserves the traditions of the Kazakh people. She is married to a Bulgarian guy, Genadiy Stomatov. When her husband Gennady sings and plays a musical instrument, in the Kazakh language and sings the songs of Shamshi Kaldayakov, then everyone around him admires him. He speaks decently, and speaks the Kazakh language, as a toastmaster is considered an ace in his business. Today, Vera is considered the godmother of the Koksarai people, and her husband, Genadiy Stamatov, is one of the best toastmasters of the village. Now, Vera and Gennady are on a well-deserved retirement, and they are a blessed family, good people. All the friends of Sister Vera are rural Kazakhs. She respects the hospitality of the Kazakh people. In particular, she noted that she is grateful for the respectful attitude towards her, as well as for mercy. Vera appreciates the tradition of «Asar» for helping each other. We are grateful to our family and friends, friends, and all the Kazakh people — says Vera Pustovalova. Kazakhs are a superstitious people who have always firmly adhered to traditions and customs.. She had several cases where she cut the umbilical cord, and they later became grandparents themselves. They not only themselves, but also the umbilical cords of their children, and even their grandchildren, entrusted to cut Faith, so that they would be sociable, kind. The Stamotovs ‘ house, adjacent to the village of Koksaray, gives good and warmth to the village. This is probably the blessing of the country-in unity.
Employee of the Center of Traditions and Customs
You know about the traditions of the process.
In the people there is a great significance, and it is one of the most characteristic ways for the women’s floor. After marriage, the girl leaves her native house. And only after this husband, a small child, comes to his home, taking with him his nephew. And in the coming years, when she becomes a mother of a large dynasty, she comes to the family house together with her great family. This is a tradition. In this way, the ties of two dynasties strengthen. The main philosophy is to show that the girl is respected in her dynasty. And show her husband’s respect for her. This is a useful process for non-married girls. The event was organized by children for their mothers.
«Many people are going to do this with «»door opener»».» But the difference between Nimi big. After opening the door, the girl gets access to the home. i.e. a resolution to accompany the husband to what family homes, weddings. And the «backstory»is another. This task is highlighted by the fact that the girl returns to her native home, to establish a certain period of time, at the age of preschool age, she is required to come together with all her children, children, rights, and relatives. Showing all that a woman has achieved in her life over the years.
According to the Chief Imam Al-Bilal Talgat Asembaya, there is a religious significance. In the middle of the evening, the mullah shouted at the dead woman: «this woman has improved the scene?». It is necessary to answer the relatives of The Lodgers. If there are a variety of reasons for her close relatives attending the ceremony, they could not answer, it is necessary to improve the formation of a private woman. Is there any matter that today preserve and continue this image of life?
In the story of what happened, Nazarbekova Nesibeli Zairovna, born in 1953, from Turkestan, reports:
— Sama I conducted the scene. I supported all my sons and daughters, as well as my daughters. More than once, she called her brother, said that she was going to eat and everything that needs to be done. The Barana was brought to the quality of sacrifice. Well, for all my family, in the quality of the ritual, I specifically gave ready-made gifts. All my brothers came to the family home, knowing that I came to the scene. Scott got up, went to the tea table, and called the neighborhood. When I lived, I was given gifts. Later, the explanation of the incident is significantly different from the narrative of today’s events.
Currently, among citizens, it is necessary to take into account that the management of matters on palomination is the fulfillment of one of the five terms. There are also people who are guided by the radio of pride. «We see those who say that «»after the loss I can get out» » and do not belong to the material.» It is better to go to palomin together with the mother, to manage her one. Of course, if our intentions are the same, there is no better way to get back to mother in Mecca. It is possible that these activities can be blessed, and they can be glorified, but more often it is possible to organize the next event. So, leaving the respect of the mother, bring her to the family, to the brothers and enjoy. If you want to please your mother, do not forget to arrange a ей holiday, under the name «backstory».
Scientific associate of the center of traditions and obychayev
1. newspaper » Syr media»
2. from the portal » BAQ kz»
From túrkistan newspapers
The legacy of the mothers-asadal and ayakkap.
Previously, our mothers had a special respect for dishes, as well as for food. Therefore, there are many customs, beliefs, rituals that have developed in relation to dishes, covers for dishes. The Kazakh people lived a nomadic life, followed the cleanliness, had high tastes in food. Proper serving of dastarkhan, dishes made of wood or silver vessels that are useful for health, and their use. «Anasyn CRP — izin al, ain CRP — asyn s» — this proverb from childhood, we have heard from their grandparents, realizing its importance.
The people paid special attention to the cleanliness of dishes, their safety. Asadal was made of wood for storing dishes. This is home furniture for storing food and dishes, like a cabinet, consisting of the words «kitchen» and «cleanliness». The upper part is covered with a lid and decorated with colorful beads, various stones in different motifs, paint gives the furniture an aesthetic background. And ayakkap is one of the types of household property of a shepherd and groom, cattle breeders, which has long been preserved in the everyday life of the Kazakh people, and was used in everyday life to maintain cleanliness. It is made on the basis of felt with the application of an ornament, fringe. For cleaning dishes made of cast iron, sand was used.
How faithful are we to the legacies, such as asadal, ayakkap, that our mothers left behind today? As we know, this kitchen furniture is out of service, at this time. Well, how much do young brides adhere to superstitions about dishes? If you want to, we suggest that you take into account several such prohibitions. Which of these prohibitions do you adhere to at home? Your feedback, if you are interested leave a comment…
* Do not leave the surface of food or water open at night, if it remains open, do not use it and drain it in a place where no human foot has set foot. According to popular belief, the evil spirit comes to the left open food.
* Do not leave the surface of the container with water or food exposed. When the surface of the bowl is left open, poisonous insects fall and spoil the water or food.
* If a neighbor brings food, do not return his bowl empty. An empty return is considered awkward.
* Dishes intended for mare milking are not turned over, and do not hit the bottom with a stick or hand. Your luck is running out.
* Do not turn the dishes over. This means that you will be left with nothing.
* Guests are not allowed to pour tea into a cup with a chip. This is considered disrespectful to the guest.
* Do not use copper or bronze utensils for food. In such containers, food spoils.
* If the blade of the knife is lying edge-on, then the cattle of this house are hanging by a thread. * Do not give a knife to a loved one. If you really like the knife of a loved one, it is better to steal it, otherwise there may be a discord in the relationship.
Employee of the Center of Traditions and Customs
1. Shanyrak: household encyclopedia. Almaty: Kaz. Sov. encikl.Main Ed., 1990 ISBN 5-89800-008-9
The sanctity of the Kazakh national dress.
In the last century, in the western region of the country lived a rich man Esengeldy, a man with an ancient pedigree. A real hero, a rich, wealthy man. Powerful and ruled the people. He had a son, Bekey, born to his second wife. Bekey was a literate guy, with open eyes, who spoke Russian. The sons of Bai, born of his first wife, were envious of Bekey’s authority among the people, and began to slander him, inciting their father against Bekey. Allegedly saying that he is throwing away the wealth left by his ancestors, disgracing the entire nation.
Already took the side of the eldest sons of the esengeldy asked them:
«If so, what would you advise me to do?» «What is it?» he asks.
«Father! It is better not to have such a son, get rid of him quickly, — his vile sons tempt him. After listening to his wicked sons, Bai kills Bekey.
This event will be known everywhere after. Bai’s sister-in-law was very smart. And she proves the involvement of the father in the death of her son, resorting to the decision of the Kazakhs. Bai confesses and regrets killing his child. When the end of the argument comes down to atonement, the daughter-in-law replied as follows:
«Wealth that has not blessed my husband will not bring me happiness.» I have only one wish. My father-in-law has an expensive beaver coat on the wall, left to him by his ancestors. I want to step over it.I don’t need anything else.The bride’s request is fulfilled. Soon Esengul lost all their cattle, animal fodder and began to walk with a stick. All his misfortunes began from the fact that he allowed his feet to trample on the holy garment. Esengeldi lived in poverty, died begging to end of life.
The Kazakh people in their life brought up the younger generation, connecting it with everyday clothes, explaining human values, instilling in avoiding alien habits. In particular, respect for a man began with the fact that you can not trample a man’s clothes under your feet. For example, such superstitions as «you can not step on men’s clothes with your feet, or trample «»outerwear should hang at the top» wash a man’s clothes separately from the clothes of a woman and a child, do not wear men’s clothes», explaining its advantages. In particular, he noted that if a man’s clothes are under his feet, then he will have less honor, less dignity. Having looked closely at each ban on clothing, we apply it in everyday life.
Is it not because the dignity inherent in the nature of man is now diminishing, or because our respect for him is diminishing? Considering that the clothes of the father, our mothers washed separately. This respect determined his path, and led to an increase in his income. We must value a man’s clothes and cherish them, because if you carelessly treat superstitions, you will lose the wealth that knocks at your door.
I have in my memory a conversation of the head of one institution, who was traveling on the train. It was one of the hottest days of the summer, with plenty of sunlight coming in from the windows. The grandson of an elderly man accidentally spilled juice on his grandfather’s shirt. The daughter-in-law, who was putting away the old man’s shirt, was so respectful that she dried the clothes, holding them in the sun. She could dry her shirt by hanging it up on the train, but it was as if she didn’t want any passersby apparently rubbing against the old man’s clothes. You will inevitably be grateful to hear about the existence of this noble trait in today’s brides. Then if you «want
to make your husband a millionaire?» we would like our contemporaries who study the psychology of the West and study its affirmations to also pay attention to the traces of ancient traditions. If you want your man to have good luck, appreciate it.
Researcher at the Center for Traditions and Customs
1. the traditional system of concepts and names of ethnographic categories of Kazakhs. Encyclopedia. — Almaty: Alem Damu Integration LLP, 2017 volume 3
2. Alash site mirror https://alashainasy.kz/
And you give suns?
For a long time, Ibrahim and Azhar could not have children, and were overjoyed when a son was born. Almighty God also shared his joy:
— Let me congratulate you. In the end, the light of Muhambet will Shine from the back of this son. Now, if there be joy in anyone’s family, he would share it with people and asks suns. People will share his joy and happiness together. This process continued in the time of all the prophets.
If you look at the history, our ancestors, who invited their relatives to the wedding, sent a messenger on horseback, with joyful, long-awaited or unexpected news. At the same time, the so-called generous people gave horses and hats, and some gave what they had. There is great merit in the saying when you hear the good news, «AK Tien any garila kun».
Now is a renewed society, a developed time. Whatever the joy, we ask for «suiinshi» on a mobile phone or on a social network. When a relative or friend hears this, they share your joy with you. But what we asked for remained a word and was forgotten. If we take into account the words of our ancestors «The Word is a bullet», then the word is the slave of the master, and when it comes from the mouth, the master is the slave of the word. Our suyinshi tradition, passed down from father to son, often remains only on the tip of the tongue. And a kind request, giving what he asked for, brings relatives closer together and strengthens the foundations of kinship. In other words, it makes sense for a happy person to ask for suiinshi not from anyone, but from a close relative. Thus, a small joy turns into a big one. Therefore, we must be able to bring together the distant with the near, friends and relatives, beauty and splendor, with the good traditions of our ancestors, and teach this to young people.
Do you remember when the last time you gave suns? Do not leave suiinshi with you, try to give suiinshi as much as possible, whether it is a scarf or a shirt. In the end, what is promised must be fulfilled, cannot be undisputed in the future. A happy person is the person who shares his joy, considering you a relative, a sympathetic supporter, and you give suiinshi. At first glance, «Suns some give, some do not give what’s in it?» Let’s not forget that behind this tradition there is a source of good.
Employee of the Center of Customs and Traditions
1. Family anthology «Traditions speak».
2. Website Adyrna.kz. https://adyrna.kz/post/12117
3. Website Mazhab.kz. Zhumatai Ospanovich. http://mazhab.kz/kk/maqalalar/din-men-dastur/suiinshi-nemese-jaqsylyqty-bolissen-kobeiedi-1141/
The swan is a royal bird.
Recently, swans flew into the courtyard of a house in the village of Karatau in the Sozak district. Yerkinbay, Magzhan, Marya, etc., rejoicing at this, the villagers did everything possible not to scare off the sacred bird. Sami, the handsome swans were photographed. It is rare for swans to enter an unfamiliar area. Was there an influence of the premature early spring when they flew away from their warm nest?
— Yes, our Kazakh people revere this regal and graceful bird. Since everyone can find something, Sugira kuishi, and Nurgisa Tlendiev also won the silver chain in two stringed folk instruments. Kobyz and dombra performed a lot of songs-masterpieces. Poets sang of mercy, and cruelty to poachers who shot swans.
Kazakhs consider the swan a holy bird. Folk concepts, traditions, customs, and various superstitions have developed about it. The swan, considered sacred in traditional Kazakh society, had totemic significance among the indigenous Turkic peoples. As a sacred bird, the Kazakhs have long revered and did not shoot at the royal bird. The shooter of the bird, will fail. Shamans until recently covered the skin of a swan and wore its feathers. Sh. Ualikhanov left a record that the shaman Dosmail, who performed the work «Akku» on the kobyz, later proved its authorship. And in the written A. Diva’s version of the work «Yedige» flight of girls in a Swan state; the abduction of the sacred swan, in folk legends mythical motifs, the birth of the shaman Korkyt from a swan indicate that the swan had a totemic meaning, as mentioned above. The swan, which the Kazakh people treat as a symbol of purity and beauty, does not build its nest in every lake. Well, choosing large lakes with reeds, with clean and fresh water, he does not like the presence of a person nearby. Our people respect him for his grace, such as you will not find in any swampy lake. They are so faithful to their couple that if one of the couples dies, the other, unable to withstand this grief, dies of longing. There are many such examples in the country. In the 90s, in the winter quarters of Russian–Kazakh miners, a guy named Peter was a hunter. I caught animals and created a mini-zoo. Now his dream is a swan. In the mini-reservoir of Burden-Sor, in the vicinity of the village, due to heavy spring precipitation, it was filled with warm water. Swans arrive and turn it into a bird market. Peter once went to the swan, and caught one of the pairs with a net. I soaked the wings in salt, and then I couldn’t fly away. He takes me home and keeps me in a cage. Neighbors, children gather, it is interesting to see the swan. On the same day, the second pair of swans, arrives without fear of anyone to the cage, and beautifully calls. The swan in the cage also caresses and rejoices. For two or three days this scene was repeated. The villagers feel sorry for the bird and ask Peter to let it go. Let him sit for a day or two, the youngest daughter has a heart condition, does not leave the house, justifies himself by saying that he wants to comfort her. In short, the swan in the cage lay without food, and mood. Once, the second couple looked at the cage from the sky, felt the heavy state of their half, and got up, went to the cemetery on the outskirts of the village. Peter, too, seemed to feel something. Suddenly, a sound came from the sky, and he saw a swan that had fallen right in front of him. The villagers also gathered. It was too late for Peter to blame himself for this scene. In the house, in a deep hole, two swans were buried. The following year, two white flowers appeared there. This story ended painfully, the daughter, and Peter himself soon died. Another strange story happened to the hunter. Goes hunting, not listening to the words of his wife and friend, to get swan bile. At home, two children have a fever. On the same day, he shot two swans on the lake. Looking at the falling swan, for a moment, it seemed to him that his sons were falling from under the wing with him. Frightened, he rushed home and hugged the bodies of his dead sons. People said it was a punishment for the swans. Yes, this story is heard in every region.
And the residents of the village of Karatau, where there is no river or lake nearby, except for an artificial reservoir that is not home to birds, did a good job with the fact that birds settled in their villages, and eight swans that arrived from the outskirts were sent to an artificial lake along with other birds. Well, some swans found their mate k and flew away. The earth is a world, a wealth of nature, the living fauna that inhabited it, suffers heavily from man-made disasters. This, in turn, affects the decrease in the number of swans. But the actions of the villagers, who honored the birds who found themselves in Karatau, aroused our admiration.
Head of the Department of the Center of Traditions and Customs
1. Divaev A. Baksy / / Ethnographic material. Issue V. Tashkent, 1896;
2. Valikhanov Sh. Tengri (God) / / favorites. Almaty: Writer, 1985;
3. the newspaper «native language». «Swan Cue» November 13, 2014.
4. Zhetysu newspaper. December 12, 2020. The Swan Hunter: this story is written in the footsteps of what happened https://7-su.kz/news/cat-6/9655/
Girlish beauty begins with piercing the ears.
The earrings on the ears, which are worn by Kazakh girls, are pronounced. The sound of rings, beautiful earrings, touched many hearts. Poets sang about it, akyns sang about it. And what’s the point of piercing a girl’s ear, other than fashion?
Usually, a girl’s ear is pierced at the age of seven or nine. For this purpose, the girl’s mother or grandmother made special silver earrings. First, the earlobe is massaged, and then pierced with a heated thick needle or ordinary millet. To do this, she massages the earlobe with two fingers, on each side of putting on the earrings. I wonder what you can miss in a pierced ear, except for silver earrings only, a hair of red dog hair. Adults know that dog hair protects the ears from tumors and ulcers. This is one of the secrets of traditional medicine.
If a little girl plays with a doll before the age of seven, her behavior and thinking will change immediately after the ear piercing. And they explain to her: «Now you are a girl with earrings», «Wearing earrings, you have become a girl, and now you can not play with dolls.» Now she helps around the house next to her mother and daughters-in-law.
Circumcising the boy and piercing the girl’s ear was the responsibility of the parents. The girl was looking forward to this day. After piercing (piercing), she changes her behavior, and the clothes she wore. The girl also wears a dress with pleats, after piercing her ears. Basically, the ear was pierced not only for wearing earrings, it was of great educational importance. Thus, she began to learn the skills of household management, and to count the first steps in preparing for tomorrow’s marriage. The principle of «ISA Kyryk iden tyiym» also began after the girl pierces the ear and wears earrings. She was considered a girl after putting on a doublet, braiding her hair in a braid, and putting a turban on her head. Adults show an example.
Why do our mothers often wear silver earrings? After all, a child’s ear is never complicated, does not hurt, and when the ear gets used to silver, it quickly adapts to other metals. I pierced all my daughters ‘ ears when they were seven years old. Currently, earrings are worn for decoration by 2-3-year-old girls, as well as from infancy. Many young people do not know about this if they are not told by adults, » says Akbota Tastanova, a resident of the village of Koksayek in Tolebinsky district, a mother of seven children and one son.
We realized that our people did everything in their own way. The girl also learned this etiquette from ear piercing. Therefore, if the bride is educated, she will be morally honest. If the bride is virtuous, she will be wise. And the wise mother will continue the generation that can unite the nation!
Employee of the Center of Customs and Traditions
1. Yip Nacionalinio. «From cradle to cradle.» Publishing house «Art of the XXI century». two thousand fourteen
2. Halel Argynbayev. «Kazakh family traditions». Almaty «Kainar» Publishing House, 2005
3. «Traditions of the Kazakh people». Almaty Nomads Publishing House, 2004
4. Seyt Canguaretama. «Traditions of the Kazakh people». Almaty Publishing House «Almatykitap», 2004
FEATURES OF OWL FEATHERS-A COMMANDMENT OF THE NATION
Owl feathers have long been revered by our people. It was tied to the baby’s cradle, dombra, headdress, folk musical instruments, fastened to the bride’s dowry, on the bridle of a horse, on the tip of a spear. These feathers do not allow misfortune, but on the contrary, brings happiness, good luck,good.
Kazakhs have a tradition during matchmaking, the groom’s parents perform a ceremony with owl feathers. The famous ethnographer Bolat Bopayevich says about it this way: «the Kazakh tradition to bring owl feathers to matchmaking, the path begins with the fact that the groom sends matchmakers to the bride. The groom’s representative sends a message to the bride’s parents about the future matchmaking. After the groom’s representative leaves, the matchmakers arrive. Then the groom’s mother pins an owl feather on the girl’s clothes, gives gifts to future matchmakers and the bride, and also puts earrings on the bride’s ear. This means that both parties agree to the marriage of the young, and from this moment they are matchmakers. And the girl also takes responsibility and begins to learn from her mother, household management, cooking, cleaning the house, » says the ethnographer. According to the ethnographer, if the guy refuses the girl after the ceremony, he will not be able to return the gifts that he gave for the bride. And pays a penalty in the form of cattle, for non-performance of the contract, and for humiliation of dignity. And if the bride refuses the guy, then she returns all the gifts given twice as much. «If a girl does not wear an owl feather, then the rest of the rites are not performed.» So, first make a «rite of putting pen», — said Bolat Babaevich. Thus, the owl feather was not only considered sacred and protective, but also played a key role in the wedding ceremony.
It is known from history that the sacred owl feather used to be worn not only by girls, but also by boys. The only example in our people is affectionately called by poet Ibrahim Sandybelle «Ukili by Then». Because, as he himself sang: «Borkime uki tagip, sandep kiip…», he adhered to the generally accepted rules inherent in Kazakh poets, and wore an owl feather on his headdress. The owl’s paw with sharp claws was also used as a talisman against the evil eye, and the custom of wearing it on children’s clothes remained. Among the population known as the rite of «La». There was also an ancient tradition of giving owls to respectable and respected people. The Kazakh baby names were given, linking with the owl’s feather, for example: CL, Kimi, Bus, CCI, Ckbi giving it much importance.
The owl has long been considered a sacred bird, inhabiting the deserts and semi-deserts of the country. One of the main features of owls is that they retain their mate for the rest of their lives. They also nest in a secret location. It also has the ability to rotate the neck 180 degrees. According to scientists, there are about 134 species of owls, and 12 species in Kazakhstan. This is one of the rare and valuable birds listed in the Red Book.In the last century, due to the active production and economic activity of mankind, the number of nesting sites of birds has completely decreased. Also, owls often die on highways and high-voltage power lines. In addition, the most important thing is that the owl’s claws and feathers make up a special amulet, so they are often killed by people themselves. Therefore, owl hunting is prohibited by law.Unfortunately, recently there have been representatives of negative religious movements who call the wearing of owl feathers, amulets «the association of partners with God, shirk». Thus, there are those who want to distort the centuries-old Kazakh concept and get rid of the traditional idea. However, the tradition of wearing owl feathers is not lost, in our returning traditions. This is the beginning of the tradition of giving owl feathers to bridesmaids, with the good intentions of «not losing hope». It is a tradition, much better than when a bride throws a bouquet of flowers in the middle to her unmarried friends, and has a much greater educational and educational value. Pay attention, and tell everyone about the tradition among young people, and help this tradition grow. There is also a belief that it is appropriate for a young bride to wear owl feathers on her headscarf at the beginning of her life, and protects her from negativity. If the tradition of wearing owl feathers is so common in our way of life, it will not be difficult to pass on to future generations.
Employee of the Center of Customs and Traditions
1. The traditional system of concepts and names of Kazakh ethnographic categories. Encyclopedia. — Almaty: Alem Damu Integration LLP, 2017. — 850 p. 2 tt.
2. Almaty akshamy website. almaty-akshamy.kz
3. The website El Arna.
If everything is good, then one golden eagle is able to hunt 2 foxes a day. On the head of the golden eagle, I myself sew a leather cap, it is called «tomaga». Sit quietly, obey the order, this cap is of great importance. Well, on the legs of the eagle of blackbow. It is easy to hold a golden eagle in your hands. When landing, it is easy to sit on your hands from a distance and is comfortable. We also sew protectors, made of leather, because success and luck accompany each other on the hunt. Predatory animals, such as the wolf, fox, can bite, and the golden eagle flapping its wings defends itself. These are the precautions. The Golden Eagle is now a representative of our family, we take care of it as properly as possible. In order not to get infected with avian flu and other colds, we vaccinate in advance, give vitamins in the form of tablets, and provide treatment if you suddenly get sick.»
Thick snow falling on the ground, means about the carelessness of the animal. In the past, hunting was the biggest, most wonderful walk-the celebration of the Kazakhs. In this regard, J. Bublykove, tells the following interesting story. At the end of the XIX century, in the vicinity of Tarbagatai, a hunter named Bylgak decided to hunt, but on the day of the hunting trip, his grandfather died. Despite this, he decided to go hunting. To this, the inhabitants of the village in displeasure asked him: Why? — to which he replied,
Atam olse koylar,
Athanasios Bolsa of sayilar,
Munday bizge kansonar,
Knde Aidan of tabular?»and went hunting.» During the hunt, there is a high probability of checking and testing the golden eagle. The Golden Eagle likes to show nobility and grace. Several moments of flight in search of prey, clinging to the claws, in a matter of seconds, he can be both happy and angry, flying in search of prey. Therefore, this bird requires high attention. Basically, he finds his own prey. But in order for food to be well digested and assimilated, poultry farmers do not hide that they generally need to follow special rules. It is said that the golden eagle eats nutritious meat every day, every day according to the schedule, they consume about one kg of meat. Writer Akseleu Seidimbek in his book «Akiyk» describes the fishing and breeding of golden eagles. Poultry breeder Syzdyk accurately describes the true passion of a real hunter. Poultry farmer from the state farm «Kyzyltu» Syzdyk, more interested in steppe golden eagles. He himself catches the steppe golden eagle with his strong hands. The struggle between them is described as follows: Suddenly, in an instant, a golden eagle fell, and the bird’s paws clung to the glove. And he’s not going to fly back. The golden eagle perched on its thumb, spread its wings, flapped, uttered a croak, and fell dead. Its lightning-fast speed, the movement was as loud as the sound of a new star could be heard on the ground as it rose into the sky. This is how Syzdyk himself describes his mood: when the bird fell, you will not believe it, he leaned on the horse, cut his belly open, and fell. The intense commotion made my breath come out of my trembling, and I sat motionless next to the fallen golden eagle. The hot blood drained away, there was a feeling completely unknown to me, my heart was squeezed, not even suspecting that I was in a sitting position, resting my bare hands on the snow. All my attention was focused on the golden eagle, I was in a state when I forgot about something else and enjoyed my current existence. Syzdyk shared this knowledge and experience with the readers. Without losing the traditions of yesterday, Syzdyk is still in the true protection of poultry farming. Not forgetting our traditions, we will take care of the protection of birds and hounds.
Photographer Aidar Beccari.
Researcher at the Center of Customs and Rites
1. Sayatshylyk kazaktyn dasturli anshylygy. «Almaty kitap», 2007. — 2008.
2. .. Kekeli «Videos Baty tailande kelbet» // Egemen Kazakhstan. 23.11.2002 year.
And you gave symbase?
«Kys kamyn zhaz oil» the Kazakh people, as soon as summer comes, think about the sogym of autumn and winter. It strengthens the relationship between brothers and sisters, increases the cohesion between the daughters-in-law, and improves the respect of matchmakers. There are a lot of rites and rituals concerning the soul. For example, if a person is accidentally cut off his hand when he butchered the meat, then doing the rite «alkaiser». And most importantly-the age, the older person was offered «bel tartar». This rite is performed by the Kazakhs if a person gets tired when cutting meat, that is, pull the belt tighter. The day is mine, treat all evident, then re-invited to symbase.
Guests enter the house with wishes: «Let it always be warm in your house», «let the cauldron not come off the stove», «let it be delicious with ice cream». At the table sagymbay converse, and is like a little feast. Thus, each house in turn invited to visit and wishes each other well-being.
Today, the custom of eating sagymbay preserved in rural areas and carried out, although very rarely. Previously, one family slaughtered a whole horse itself, and before the spring came, they ate in parts, inviting guests. Currently, almost every household buys and eats horse meat, but in parts. This is probably due to the fact that «the market dictates its prices». As Monke Biya’s prediction «when the end of the world comes» says, «the horse will be a star, and the sheep will be a beaver» is it time? But, as the saying goes, » May Allah take the cattle, but do not take away my attitude towards people. Hospitable Kazakh, though with one piece of meat, but with a guest likes to eat!
Methodist of the Center of Traditions and Customs
1. «Traditional system of concepts and names of ethnographic categories of Kazakhs». Encyclopedia
2. social network.
3. Negimov S. Oratorical art.- Almaty: native language, 1997.
Dream book of the daughter of Monke Bi
One day I woke up in shock from a dream. We built a new house in the village instead of the old one. The house is burning with a blue flame. For a long time this dream remained in my memory. At work, we have an elderly employee who has seen a lot in this life. With difficulty, but I told my dream. And she was glad. I know, » she said. «That’s fine, don’t be afraid! You will see a fire in a dream-in reality, your plan will be fulfilled. God wants only good and warmth in your home. The family will get a job, all the troubles will be left behind-yes? And then, when I came to my senses and said that only good things began to happen in our house. I’m still happy that I had this dream.
In General, the Kazakhs never addressed unaware of the interpreters of dreams. Even as a joke, it was forbidden to predict evil. However, in the second half of the day, it is impossible to interpret a dream. It is allowed to interpret a dream, and for this purpose they turned to baksy-shamans, bulger-healers, famous personalities.
You can’t help but remember that once the famous Monk decided to turn to the Raw Batyr to interpret his dream. Raw decided to give in turn to Monke’s daughter, interpretation. After the girl listened to the dream, she turned to Syrym and said:
«A dream cannot be interpreted to a son-in-law, a nephew, or a woman. And yet I will tell you, » he says. «A dream-an honest dream, a fantasy dream, a satanic dream. I don’t know how to interpret this dream, but its solution is this: «40 horses means that there will be a time when 40 Muslim debts will not be fulfilled. 30 horses will not come from the competition – there will be a time when 30 days will not keep the post. Of the 5 riders, four did not ride , only one rode — this means that they will not pray five times a day, someone will read namaz, someone will not. Perhaps this gives rise to cruel times, it can be a time of hunger and violence. Probably waiting for the time when there will be a lot of liars like a fox. This is something that our offspring will grow up in a panic, like hares. After that Monke’s daughter bee said: — It was my mistake to interpret the dream, the time will come when a woman will rule the world. At this time, the woman will lose her shame, and the man will lose his honor, that’s the secret of the fact that I only decided to interpret the dream on your third invitation.
Therefore, when Kazakhs wake up, they try to interpret their dream only for the better, they paid «tribute to the dream». To do this, sometimes they fed the dog, or gave money, valuables to people. Or they paid tribute to the mosque as a donation.
Therefore, superstition among the Kazakhs is not only the largest part of the Kazakh worldview, it is believed that only the great people believe in superstition. They warn that superstition is justified,
and there is no such superstition that makes a bad ritual.
Employee of the Center of Customs and Rituals.
1. Khalil Argynbayev. «Amboseli Kazakh dstlen» Almaty 2005.
2. From the social network.
What do you know about the «holy bird of Muslims»?
There is one bird called the falcon. They say that after the golden eagle, it is in second place among birds, in the production and hunting of animals and birds. In the village Kenesaryk Tolebi district of the Turkestan region lived a poultry farmer by the name of Kuyanov Pencetak. The old man, who died at the age of ninety, went hunting with his faithful dog and falcon as long as he had the strength. He also taught his children. This tradition was continued in the dynasty Kulenovic from grandfather to grandson. Now, when it comes to poultry farming, we start talking about the offspring of this dynasty. The reason for this was that there were fewer adherents of the traditions.
And this is understandable. We had one story we heard from Baghdad, the grandson of Pensateci. Not only Kazakhs, but also Arabs respected this bird. This is due to the fact that before eating the meat of a captured animal, it scratches its throat with a sharp beak. That is, before eating, he cuts it, and only after that he eats it. This is a characteristic feature of Muslims who do not eat the meat of an animal that has perished by itself without the release of blood. Therefore, the falcon is also called the «Muslim bird». Our people valued the meat of cattle slaughtered according to all Muslim laws. So, if anyone knows the secret of why the falcon is called the «Muslim bird», share with us.
It follows that the origins of our national tradition have never been far from the Sharia laws of Islam. The honesty and charamness of each drunk by future parents directly affects the purity of the new generation. Of paramount importance in the purity of the soul and the acceptance of prayers is the purity and faithfulness of drinking. One of the harams is vodka-wine. One of the buckets of accepted wine that you once drank, then until forty days, your prayers will not be accepted. After all, from one drunk vodka, the human body is cleansed in forty days. This is proved by the developed medicine today. Even Abai’s mother Ulzhan, did not breastfeed a child without ablution, on the basis of this pattern.
So if you want your descendants to be noble, refrain from forbidden food. This nobility was seen in the falcon. It is slightly larger than the vulture, with a weight of 0.7-1.3 kg. They do not build nests, they are quite enough to nest crows or other birds of prey, in trees and rocks. Eggs hatch for 30 days, of which only 2-3 chicks fly. They are included in the Red Book of Kazakhstan. There’s nothing to hide at the moment, the city kid hasn’t seen a chicken, let alone a falcon. So on your free day off, together with the children, go to the village of Kenesary, Tolebi district of Turkestan region, to the Keuenovs and show the falcon. Demonstrate and tell us about the sanctity of this bird.
Methodist of the Center of Customs and Rites.
1. E. Zhumabay «massaget.kz»
HOW MUCH DO YOU GIVE KALYM FOR A BRIDE?
Kalym — first of all, what comes to mind is the southern region of the country. And in some regions, Kalym is out of the question. But our ancestors said: «even if there is a girl without a dowry, there will be no husband without respect.» The Kazakh people have always honored and respected their daughter, and in accordance with tradition, they married her off. Let’s make a list of kalym, which is given for the bride in several regions of the country.
In the city of Almaty and Almaty region, the minimum kalym is 100-150 thousand tenge. The highest-from 500 thousand to 2 million. Kalym in Turkestan region, Shymkent, Taraz, Kyzylorda– from 500,000 thousand tenge to 5,000,000 million. The population of the Southern region adheres very strongly to traditions. In addition, the girl must collect the dowry accordingly to this kalym. Currently, the girl buys new clothes, shoes for four seasons and cosmetics. In the northern and western regions, kalym has no real value. In Atyrau, cattle are donated. And for those who do not keep cattle, they give an envelope in the amount of 100 thousand tenge. Just like the customs of «ana suti «, they give 1000 dollars in monetary equivalent. «Ana suti» is the most important custom. At the same time, the maximum amount, depending on the situation, is about $ 1000, and the minimum amount is about 100 thousand. This is how the volume of kalym in the country is estimated. But the price for a girl will not be measured only by kalym. Her reputation and dignity are measured by what she will be like as a bride, spouse, and mother in the future.
There is a saying «Kyz — zhat gritty». For the upbringing and maintenance of their daughters, parents are entitled to a fee, which is called «ana suti» and «ake kushi». Both sides must firmly honor our traditions.
Well, the opinion about Kalym has recently gone off the scale in society. Some say that it is better to take the cost of a girl according to an ancient rite, in monetary terms, and some believe that instead it is necessary to provide young people with housing and sponsor. In our opinion, it is necessary to provide housing for young people, with the support of both sides.
Salt-dstlen ortalygy ismidir.
1. DSTR the opening of the festival-Almaty: «Nurly Alem», 2018.200 bet.
2. Website http://www.ihsan.kz/kk/articles/view/5076. http://Ihsan.kz
3. Stan.kz site.hettema NTTR: // stan.KZ / elimizdin-AR-aymagynda-Kalyna-mal-kap /
4. Alash ainasy sites.hettema HTTPS://alashainasy.Kz / fromsocial / kazaktyin-kobeymeune-kalyin-mal-knl-Ma-head-kalasyin-68612 / …
KALYM OR APARTMENT?
My cousin got married recently. Soon we heard that the newlyweds became the owners of the apartment. As we later learned, the new matchmakers came to a general agreement, instead of giving kalym for the girl, let’s help the newlyweds and buy them an apartment .
I thought after hearing that. «Every tradition has its vices.» True, kalym is a long-standing tradition. After approval of the procedure of marriage, the groom must pay the bride-price. Its volume is decided depending on the standard of living, well-being. A long time ago, kalym was given to cattle, and later this tradition acquired a financial character. What else are the modern features of the ancient tradition that has come down to our days?
The process of transferring the kalym in the present modern time has changed somewhat. The very name «Kyz kadesi», «Ana suti», etc. Each region is marked differently. Previously, five or six heads of cattle were given among the poor families of everyday life, and the family of the rich, well-to-do, with whom they agreed, gave hundreds and thousands of horses. Kalym was created to show the extent of its wealth and become famous throughout the Kazakh steppe. Today, kalym is often offered in monetary terms, and its size is determined with the consent of matchmakers. As they say — » Each region of the country has its own way of life.» In addition, the knowledge gained and the position of the girl also increase the cost of the kalym issued for her.
Even before the adoption of Islam, this rite was in use by the nomads of the country. After that, the groom gives a gift for the bride (the bride’s gift), in the Sharia this rite was accepted as one of the conditions of marriage. In general, kalym can be considered a gift-mahir, the groom for the bride in Sharia. This is because the gift-mahir that a woman receives from her husband is considered an independent property of a woman. Depending on the transferred kalym, the girl’s dowry is formed. If after marriage the couple divorced, or the woman remained a widow, then the gift given by the husband (mahir) is the property of the bride. For this reason, we can say that giving kalym is not contrary to Sharia.
Prepared by: Kamila Musa.
Employee of the center of «Customs and Rites»
Source: «Dasturim-asyl kazynam»
Almaty: «Nurly Alem», 2018-page 200
Website of Alash Ainasy. https://alashainasy.kz/fromsocial/kazaktyin-kobeymeune-kalyin-mal-knl-ma-dep-kalasyin-68612/.
Lparse —this dish is prepared for the girl who’s getting married. The Kazakh people, rich in traditions and customs, paid special attention to the way it was prepared, who was attracted to the food, and for what purpose it should be served. Once upon a time, when the daughter was married off, leaving far away, and the parents, remaining behind, through this wrapped in the heart of the food shouted: «You are in the heart of your father and mother! We miss you!» In the second case, when the first child is given to the grandparents for upbringing. Coming home for the first time after marriage, the mother, who missed her daughter, prepares this dish. Our Kazakhs are very skilled in understanding the world with gestures. Then our moms did opensec, and expressed their love for daughters. Hence the native dish. Opensec is the fat out of the heart. Kazakhs, fragile, white girl compared to lparser.
Ulpershek is mainly made from horse heart. The heart is butchered and hung waiting until all the blood runs out. The horse has a strong, muscular heart. Before cooking the ulpershek dish, the heart is placed in a cool place and stored for about a month in flour. It turns out quite a smoked heart. Finely chopped goose meat and fat, mixed with special spices and placed inside the heart. And then cook. Products used for ulpershek:
* Horse heart-1 piece
* Goose meat-100 g
* Salt, pepper, spices to taste
In General, opensec , rich in vitamins, is a very useful food. Due to the fact that food is made from the heart of a horse, it has a good effect on the heart, cardiovascular diseases of a person, improving the functioning of the kidneys, and the proper flow of metabolic processes in the body.
So many forgotten national dishes. Among them, many do not know the dish of opensec made from horse heart. Dish of opensec currently out of use. But there are mothers who prepare this dish for their daughters. Prepare for their daughters and friends, opensec, the taste is very delicious.
Prepared by: Akmaral Orynbekova Methodologist of the center » Customs and Rites»
1. Portal » El.kz»
2. Syr Media newspaper»
3. Weekly newspaper » Ak-Meshit»
Every wise Kazakh knows how to use every word in his own way?! «I don’t know what it is,» I said. For example, a stone can be heated over a fire, and if you put it in a bowl with milk, it will quickly cook. Our ancestors called it «ori» or «tasaryk». The word «stone» is used in two different ways. One of them is a quick cooking of milk with the heat of a stone, the other is when a child or a pregnant woman is in shock. And the meaning of this stone is exactly the opposite of what we were looking for.
Once, over a cup of tea, I asked my mother : «And what is the meaning of the words the stone got into the cauldron?»I asked where the word came from. «Our ancestors used the stone both for quick cooking and for long-term cooking of milk in a bowl. Not the time when everyone says: «cook, cauldron, cook», but our mothers from dawn to dusk were not free from everyday life. Most of the day was spent by the fire or in the kitchen. And a child who cries between them, and you need to deal with his upbringing. After putting the milk on the fire, the cauldron was left unattended, doing household chores, the milk increases in volume when heated and escapes from the cauldron. But if you put a stone in the cauldron and close the lid, the milk will not run away. At each hearth there used to be a round stone that looked like a child’s fist. The stone is well washed in water and put in a cauldron. And then, even after an hour, the cauldron with a closed surface continues to boil and boil slowly. The stone can be used not only for milk, but also for slow cooking of meat. That’s where the slogan came from: Put a stone in the cauldron!
The cauldron and the hearth are the beginning of prosperity. However, there are signs that we do not know, or knowingly do not apply them. Modern women call it in a different way, speaking in the language of young people-life hack. For example: if you want the milk not to run away, put a ladle or a stainless steel spoon in the pot, and put it on a slow fire. This is a law of physics. Milk and water at 100 degrees boils. And iron melts at an even higher temperature. So when you reach the desired temperature, your milk will not run away. How wise were our Kazakh mothers, who boiled milk by putting a stone in them, even when real sciences, such as physics and chemistry, were not developed.Dana Malkova
Researcher at the Center for Traditions and Rituals.
Photos from the Internet
Source: Volume 1-2 of the book «Traditions and rituals of the Kazakh people»
Features of the Kobyz tool.
Kobyz is a common musical instrument for the Turkic peoples. Information about kobyz is found in the writings of the Middle Ages, archaeological excavations. They are made of strong wood, such as elderberry, maple. In ancient times, the performers were shamans.
In the campaign played sitting on a horse, the enemy. Warriors, the sounds of the instrument gave strength, inspired heroic deeds.
The data is contained in the works of Al-Farabi, Ibn Sina. A. Margulan said that the structure is associated with the cult of the swan. The Korkyt psalms praise the kobyz instrument. Each hero carried a kobyz tool with him. In early times, all psalms were accompanied by kobyz. According to Shokan, the most recent zhyrau spoken by Kobyz is Zhanak. For the first time, Ykylas Dukenuly introduced us to the information about kobyz. Data on the features of kobyz are widely distributed among the people. Shamans exorcised demons with him. We treated patients with mental disorders.
The legend of kobyz has been spread from generation to generation. Mourning the master of the kobyz was making the sound, the string itself is terminated. In any case, the kobyz is a sacred instrument. A person who is under stress, as a therapy helps motives kobyz. Even suicide, which often happens these days, has an opposing force.
DO YOU KNOW HOW TO CUT MEAT?
Our ancestors have always known that meat is stored for a long time. In addition, it is clear to the Kazakh that the benefits of meat are more significant than young meat.
Each region of Kazakhstan produces meat in its own way.
Not only meat of the warbler variety, but also Goose and old, Mane and legs, spine and breast. The meat should be dried in a cool place, without exposing it to the sun.
* Belly mascara
The method of stuffing is carried out by storing meat in the stomach. Here, beef or lamb meat is salted and absorbed by itself when put in the stomach.
* Domestic storage of livestock
«I don’t know,» he said. Such meat will be very tasty.
* End face in flour
This is how valuable horses were stored, such as Kazy-karta, Zhal-Zhai. In the flour, the meat is placed deeper.
* Boiling and drying
After the salt is absorbed into the young meat, it is brought to a boil in a cauldron and dried. Meat should be cut into slices, hung in the evening cool.
Well, what method do you use when cutting meat?
How did the Kazakh people protect a child from eyes and words?
Since childhood, the Kazakh child has been striving to raise and educate the head of the family. He was never told that he was beautiful, because he was afraid that the eyes, the words would touch him. Therefore, the children’s forehead is covered with soot, dirt, because the newborn will be weak. Their work is so terrible that they do not suppress it. It is not for nothing that he has a bad character, and his life is threatened.
It is also a ritual to make a talisman out of the shirt of a child from the fortieth generation, which has existed since time immemorial. Former heroes, Chechens, and leaders carried the same amulet when they went to the enemy, believing that it would bring them good luck. Because there is a good superstition in Kazakhs that the child is guarded by angels for forty days. And in the evening, the washed clothes did not turn to the stars, because the child wakes up in shock at night, thinking that he is suffering from an incurable disease.
HOW DOES THE» WINTER JULY » PASS IN YOUR REGION?
People’s accountants predict what the coming winter will be like, correlating it with the weather in other seasons. For example, they say:» if spring is born early, winter also falls early»,» if summer is rainy, winter will be stormy»,» if summer is hot, winter will be cold»,» if Brown autumn passes quickly, expect a harsh winter». This knowledge was of great importance when the Kazakh boy, who grew up with four children, moved from zhailau to autumn, and then to winter.
In particular, the first frost in early December is the red of kyrbas. In the northern regions of Kazakhstan, winter begins to fall very early, with severe frosts. According to the people’s understanding, on the first day of January, the sun rises, when the weather changes, snow falls, snow drifts and blizzards are possible.
And the» Winter July » frosts from the last 15 to 29 January. Kazakhs call it «Winter July-January». «I don’t know,» he said. People’s accountants believed that if the angle between Urker and the Moon was formed into a rectangle, the time of «winter July» would begin.
This ceremonial custom has the great educational meaning and declares the new period in a boy’s life. When he is six or seven years of age, he is gifted a horse, kamcha (the lash) is solemnly put into his hands, he is seated on the tamed and saddled horse and is announced to be a zhigit since that moment. It promotes the child, and he begins to feel responsible. Then he is engaged in work. At such a solemn moment called ‘Ashamaiga mingizu’ the child’s grandpa gives blessing to his grandson, and his grandma grandly strews him with shashu. Elder children perform baiga (races), and grown-ups make a little party.
The cutting of fetters. This ceremony is performed when the baby makes his first steps. His legs are tied with the thin colorful string, which is entrusted to be cut to an energetic man having many children. Songs and wishes for a baby to stand firmly on his feet and go along his life confidently accompany this custom. The feast follows the ceremony. In old times after ‘tusaukeser’ the child was presented with a horse and saddle. The colorful string means that in life, there happen to be not only white, but also periods, and the future zhigit must be able to overcome difficulties.
“Besik” (cradle) is a sacred relic of every family. It is usually gifted to a grandchild by mother`s relatives “nagashy”. Besik is kept at home carefully and is passed on from the old to next generation. Sometimes the son chances to sleep in his father`s cradle.
When a baby is put in his cradle for the first time, the custom “besikke salu” (to put in the cradle) is performed. Traditionally, the right to fulfil such a responsible task belongs to a specially invited for the event wise and respected grandma having many children.
Before putting the baby into the cradle, the woman ties to its head an amulet which according to the belief, will protect the child from evil spirits, then into the hole located in the center of the cradle, where a special pot for the baby’s dryness and cleanness is set (the ancestor of nowadays pampers), people throw sweets. Right away childless women take them.
After the baby is put into the cradle, it is covered with seven different things; each of them has its own meaning and according to the belief may influence the child’s destiny. For example, a fur coat or expensive chapan is a symbol of prosper
The forty first day since the baby is born, a few women gather in his house and wash him, trim his hair and nails for the first time.
Women who performed the custom receive their gifts appreciation, and everybody who is present at this significant event is invited to dastarkhan. By the way, numbers 3, 7, and 41 Kazakh think the most especial and lucky.
Kazakhs attach a great importance to this solemn ceremony.
They to give the baby a beautiful name or a name of a famous person, in order for the child to become like that famous person.
This custom is entrusted to be performed to respected people, who give the newly born their blessing (bata) right away.
Shikdehana is a toi organized when a baby is born.
At the daytime friends and acquaintances come to wish well, they say “kutty bolsyn” (be happy).
In the evening the guests gather and have fun, sing songs, play dombra (Kazakh national instrument with two strings), and enjoy their food.
The Kazakh folk has a nation “kindik sheshe”. When the child is born, women are standing ready to cut the newly born baby’s navel-string. Often they argue who should do it. The right to make “kindik kesu” (to cut the baby`s navel-string) is given to a respected woman or a wise grandma, and after that the woman receives her traditional present “kindik keser”. Further on she is called “kindik sheshe” (sheshe means mother) and she is also regarded as this child’s mother. Afterwards “kindik sheshe” may come to the house where the child is growing up and ask for anything, and she`ll never be refused.
“Zharyskazan” is a custom performed during the woman’s birth pangs. While waiting for a happy piece of news, grandmas and close women relatives of the husband gather round the delivering woman, and, trusting in powers of Bibi Fatima and asking her help, arrange “kazan zharys” (literally, zharys means competitions). The women who try to cook it before an expected child is born faster put smoked meat or something delicious into a cauldron. After the baby is born, women eat together what they have cooked.
“Kimeshek” is the married woman’s head-dress. During her first year in the new house the young daughter-in-law wears a little kerchief on her head, and “saukele” (the bride’s head-dress) she may wear only for tois and holidays. Kazakh women do not wear saukele after the wedding.
After the first kid’s birth women of aul specially come to the daughter’s-in-law house and put “kimeshek” on her head, which conceals her neck and shoulders. Only her face remains uncovered. In northern regions, this custom is called “zhaulyk saldy.”
“Neke kiyar” is a wedding ceremony. Marriage is a sacred notion, a symbol of loyalty and affection in every person’s life. To observe this custom, organizers invite mullah (the priest) and place before him a cup filled with water and covered with a piece of fabric. The close relatives and friends of both the bride and bridegroom gather round. Mullah says prayers, and then via witness, following the special formula, he asked if the boy and girl agree to be married.
According to shariat (the Muslim body of law), if the bride is pregnant, this wedding ceremony is cancelled, and performed only after a child is born. Also, this ceremony is prohibited for young people, being relatives is one of the seven generations, because until the seventh generation Kazakh are considered to be relatives.
Betashar, the ritual of unveiling the bride’s face (showing the bride to the bridegroom’s relatives and guests), is obligatory accompanied with the traditional song-zhyr. The bride fully dressed in her wedding outfit is brought to the yurta of the bridegroom’s father, where all the guests are gathered. At both her sides, holding her by arms, well-bred and respectful daughters-in-law are standing. “Betashar” includes the acquaintance of the bride with her future husband’s relatives; here good pieces of advice and wishes for happy family life are being expressed. The singer, master of improvisations, characterizing in verses each of the respected relative, requests the bride to bow in his honor; and in reply to that the future husband`s close relatives give “korimdik” (the gift for the viewing). “Betashar” ends with admonitions, wishes, and advice.
Kelin tusiru (kelin – daughter-in-law, tusiru – here, to welcome) is bride’s arrival to her bridegroom’s home. For Kazakh people the cherished dream, the b3ggest joy and the greatest toi is “kelin tusiru”. Whole aul gets ready for this celebration. The bride must not be brought straight to the threshold of the house. Traditionally, she is left with her “zhenge” at the considerable distance from aul. Girls and newly made wives meet the bride and, disguising her face, bring her into the house and seat her behind “shymyldyk” (curtain, portiere) together with other girls. The threshold must be stepped over by the right foot. The receiving party strews everybody with shashu and congratulate them. The bride is accompanied with her mother, sisters, and zhenges. All her parents and friends are invited to aul; the feast with foods and various kinds of entertainment (singer`s competitions, games, etc.) is organized. But everybody is very anxious to see the future “kelin” (daughter-in-law). Once all the guests are gathered, the bride is solemnly brought out in her rich wedding outfit, her face covered with the veil (shawl), and a singer, master of improvisations, begins to sing “betashar”.